The new citizenship test that immigrants need to pass to become U.S. citizens through naturalization is harder and longer than the previous exam, but applicants have free educational tools available to prepare them to achieve this dream.

The civics portion of the naturalization test, effective Dec. 1, 2020, consists of a bank of 128 questions and answers that applicants must study.

During the interview with a Citizenship and Immigration Services official, an immigrant will be asked 20 questions in English. They must answer them in English as well — with a few exceptions based on age, where applicants may take the test in their language of choice using an interpreter.

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